What Are The 12 Steps?

The Traditional 12 Steps 


Step 1 - We admitted we were powerless over our addiction - that our lives had become unmanageable.


Step 2 - Came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.


Step 3 - Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood it.


Step 4 - Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.


Step 5 - Admitted to God, to ourselves and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.


Step 6 - Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.


Step 7 - Humbly asked God to remove our shortcomings.


Step 8 - Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.


Step 9 - Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.


Step 10 - Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it.


Step 11 - Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood God, praying only for knowledge of God's will for us and the power to carry that out.


Step 12 - Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to other addicts, and to practice these principles in all our affairs.

For more detailed explanations of the traditional 12 steps            visit https://12step.org/


A Buddhist Interpretation of the 12 Steps 


Step 1 - We admitted the craving of our addiction, and recognized its consequences in our lives. 


Step 2 - Came to believe that a power beyond self could restore us to wholeness. 


Step 3 - Made a decision to go for refuge to this other power as we understood it. 


Step 4 - Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves. 


Step 5 - Admitted to ourselves and another human being the exact moral nature of our past. 


Step 6 - Became entirely ready to work at transforming ourselves. 


Step 7 - With the assistance of others and our own firm resolve, we transformed unskillful parts of ourselves and cultivated positive ones. 


Step 8 - Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.


Step 9 - Made direct amends to such people where possible, except when to do so would injure them or others. In addition, made a conscientious effort to forgive all those who harmed us. 


Step 10 - Continue to maintain awareness of our actions and motives, and when we acted unskillfully promptly admitted it. 


Step 11 - Engaged in the practice of meditation to improve our conscious contact with our true selves, and seeking that beyond self. Also used prayer as a means to cultivate positive attitudes and states of mind. 


Step 12 - Having gained spiritual insight as a result of these steps, we practice these principles in all areas of our lives, and make this message available to others in need of recovery.


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Spiritual Principles 

Each of the 12 Steps has a spiritual principle associated with it which we learn as we work each step.  In step 12 when it says "practice these principles in all of our affairs," these are the spiritual principles it is referring to: 

Step 1: Honesty, Surrender, Acceptance 

Step 2: Hope, Open Mindedness 

Step 3: Faith/Conviction, Commitment 

Step 4: Courage, Fearlessness 

Step 5: Integrity, Truth, Forgiveness 

Step 6: Willingness 

Step 7: Humility 

Step 8: Perseverance, Brotherly Love, Thoroughness, Reflection 

Step 9: Love, Justice, Amendment, Sincerity, Good Judgement 

Step 10: Discipline, Perseverance, Vigilance 

Step 11: Awareness, Spirituality, Wisdom, Serenity 

Step 12: Service

The 12 Promises 

The 12 promises are from pg. 83-84 of the Big Book

1. We are going to know a new freedom and a new happiness. 
2. We will not regret the past nor wish to shut the door on it. 
3. We will comprehend the word serenity. 
4. We will know peace. 
5. No matter how far down the scale we have gone, we will see how our experience can benefit others. 
6. That feeling of uselessness and self-pity will disappear. 
7. We will lose interest in selfish things and gain interest in our fellows. 
8. Self-seeking will slip away. 
9. Our whole attitude and outlook upon life will change. 
10. Fear of people and of economic insecurity will leave us. 
11. We will intuitively know how to handle situations which used to baffle us. 
12. We will suddenly realize that God is doing for us what we could not do for ourselves. 

Are these extravagant promises? We think not. They are being fulfilled among us - sometimes quickly, sometimes slowly. They will always materialize if we work for them.

The 12 Traditions 

The 12 traditions grew out of the Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) movement and outline the means by which A.A. maintains its unity and relates itself to the world around it. For a more complete explanation of these traditions, please see the book Twelve Steps and Twelve Traditions from the Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. 

Tradition 1 
Our common welfare should come first; personal recovery depends upon A.A. unity 

Each member of Alcoholics Anonymous is but a small part of a great whole. A.A. must continue to live or most of us will surely die. Hence our common welfare comes first. But individual welfare follows close afterward. 


Tradition 2 
For our group purpose there is but one ultimate authority - a Higher Power as it may express itself in our group conscience. Our leaders are but trusted servants; they do not govern.


Tradition 3 
The only requirement for A.A. membership is a desire to stop drinking. 

Our membership ought to include all who suffer from alcoholism. Hence we may refuse none who wish to recover. Nor ought A.A. membership ever depend upon money or conformity. Any two or three alcoholics gathered together for sobriety may call themselves an A.A. group, provided that, as a group, they have no other affiliation. 


Tradition 4 
Each group should be autonomous except in matters affecting other groups or A.A. as a whole. 

With respect to its own affairs, each A.A. group should be responsible to no other authority than its own conscience. But when its plans concern the welfare of neighboring groups also, those groups ought to be consulted. And no group, regional committee, or individual should ever take action that might greatly affect A.A. as a whole without conferring with the trustees of the General Service Board. On such issues our common welfare is paramount. 


Tradition 5 
Each group has but one primary purpose - to carry its message to the alcoholics/addicts who still suffer. 

Each Alcoholics Anonymous group ought to be a spiritual entity having but one primary purpose - that of carrying its message to the alcoholic who still suffers. 


Tradition 6 
An A.A. group ought never endorse, finance, or lend the A.A. name to any related facility or outside enterprise, lest problems of money, property, and prestige divert us from our primary purpose. 

Problems of money, property and authority may easily divert us from our primary spiritual aim. We think, therefore, that any considerable property of genuine use to A.A. should be separately incorporated and managed, thus dividing the material from the spiritual. An A.A. group, as such, should never go into business. Secondary aids to A.A., such as clubs or hospitals which require much property or administration, ought to be incorporated and so set apart that, if necessary, they can be freely discarded by the groups. Hence such facilities ought not to use the A.A. name. Their management should be the sole responsibility of those people who financially support them. For clubs, A.A. managers are usually preferred. But hospitals, as well as other places of recuperation, ought to be well outside A.A. - and medically supervised. While an A.A. group may cooperate with anyone, such cooperation ought never to go so far as affiliation or endorsement, actual or implied. An A.A. group can bind itself to no one. 


Tradition 7 
Every A.A. group ought to be fully self-supporting, declining outside contributions. 

The A.A. groups themselves ought to be fully supported by the voluntary contributions of their own members. We think that each group should soon achieve this ideal; that any public solicitation of funds using the name of Alcoholics Anonymous is highly dangerous, whether by groups, clubs, hospitals or other outside agencies; that acceptance of large gifts from any source, or of contributions carrying any obligation whatever, is unwise. Then too, we view with much concern those A.A. treasuries which continue, beyond prudent reserves, to accumulate funds for no stated A.A. purpose. Experience has often warned us that nothing can so surely destroy our spiritual heritage as futile disputes over property, money and authority. 


Tradition 8 
Alcoholics Anonymous should remain forever non-professional, but our service centers may employ special workers. 

Alcoholics Anonymous should remain forever non-professional. We define professionalism as the occupation of counseling alcoholics for fees or hire. But we may employ alcoholics where they are going to perform those services for which we might otherwise have to engage non-alcoholics. Such special services may be well recompensed. But our usual A.A. "12th Step" work is never to be paid for. 


Tradition 9 
A.A., as such, ought never be organized; but we may create service boards or committees directly responsible to those they serve. 

Each A.A. group needs the least possible organization. Rotating leadership is the best. The small group may elect its secretary, the large group its rotating committee, and the groups of a large metropolitan area their central or inter group committee, which often employs a full-time secretary. The trustees of the General Service Board are, in effect, our A.A. General Services Committee. They are the custodians of our A.A. Tradition and the receivers of voluntary A.A. contributions by which we maintain our A.A. General Services Office at New York. They are authorized by the groups to handle our over-all public relations and they guarantee the integrity of our principal newspaper, the A.A. Grapevine. All such representatives are to be guided in the spirit of service, for true leaders in A.A. are but trusted and experienced servants of the whole. They derive no real authority from their titles; they do not govern. Universal respect is the key to their usefulness. 


Tradition 10 
Alcoholics Anonymous has no opinion on outside issues; hence the A.A. name ought never be drawn into public controversy. 

No A.A. group or member should ever, in such way as to implicate A.A., express any opinion on outside issues - particularly those of politics, alcohol reform or sectarian religion. The Alcoholics Anonymous groups oppose no one. Concerning such matters they can express no views whatever. 


Tradition 11 
Our public relations policy is based on attraction rather than promotion; we need always maintain personal anonymity at the level of press, radio and films. 

Our relations with the general public should be characterized by personal anonymity. We think A.A. ought to avoid sensational advertising. Our names and pictures as A.A. members ought not be broadcast, filmed or publicly printed. Our public relations should be guided by the principle of attraction rather than promotion. There is never need to praise ourselves. We feel it better to let our friends recommend us. 


Tradition 12 
Anonymity is the spiritual foundation of all our traditions, ever reminding us to place principles above personalities. 

And finally, we of Alcoholics Anonymous believe that the principle of anonymity has an immense spiritual significance. It reminds us that we are to place principles before personalities; that we are actually to practice a genuine humility. This to the end that our great blessings may never spoil us; that we shall forever live in thankful contemplation of Him who presides over us all.